According to the Brundtland Commission, Potter 2002, pg. Sustainable development, as defined by the Brundtland Commission (Potter 2002), pg. 117, is “development that meets current needs without compromising future generations’ ability to meet their own needs”. All of us should strive to ensure the sustainability of the nation’s development, equity among social classes, and the elimination of poverty. Therefore, development is an appropriate goal. It should be achieved through sustainable means. Our primary source of life is at risk. It will affect our quality of life and health. A strong economy and meeting other needs than the most basic are two ways to achieve social equity. These three elements form an interconnected circle that covers almost all of our needs.
*The environment challenge refers to the destruction of the natural basis for human life
*The first social problem is the increasing inequal distribution of incomes and assets.
*The second social problem is the high rate of poverty.
*The institution challenge and the resulting threats for peace and security.
These issues aim to ensure citizens have the opportunity to live a dignified and sustainable life through appropriate public administration. These issues, which Rogers et. (Rogers 2008), highlight as key factors in a dignified life, are important to consider if you want to achieve sustainable development.
*Population Planning. Rogers et. al. (Rogers 2008, pg. 53. “Population growth isn’t such a significant factor in environment degradation,” but I agree with Rogers et al (Rogers 2008 pg.
*Participation. Participation is where citizens can influence and control activities that bring about their own development, which includes the poor and the disadvantaged.
*Market and policy failures. Particularly indifferent to the damage to resources or prioritizing activities that deforest.
*Good Governance. It is linked to market failures and policy success. Unfortunately, corruption is rampant in many developing countries. It is a serious threat to development and a worse form of cancer. United Nations Development Programme 2008 (UNDP 2008) states that “the erosion of human rights, respect for constitutional authority and hinders programs to alleviate poverty and increase security” Corruption has a worse impact on the poor and developing countries.
*Prevention and Management of Disasters Everyone can be affected by disasters at any time. People should be aware of this fact. Unexpected disasters can strike without warning and with no time to prepare. The demand for emergency services and personnel may overwhelm them at first, and people’s lives, health, or the environment could be endangered (CT Department of Emergency Management & Homeland Security, 2003). People move from rural areas to seek work, better health, or to find other opportunities. They settle in the hillsides or surroundings of cities where utilities are not available or scarce. People move to cities in poorer conditions, which can hinder economic growth.
*Natural disasters. Sustainable development requires disaster management because it has an impact on sectors like social, economic, and environmental.
In response to growing populations in the 1960’s, the green revolution (GR), was originally created. Malthus missed the fact that innovation was the key to managing the rapid growth of the population. The introduction of High Yielding Variety (HYV) was a genetically modified crop that increased yields. This helped increase food supplies. This was initially thought to be a success. As more crops could grow on the same land, rice and wheat yields increased in India by three times. The GR was praised for increasing productivity per person, creating more resistant crops and reducing the growing season (Benson 2007, Benson 2007).
The green revolution brought about social, economic, and environmental problems. Because the new crops were so expensive, only wealthy farmers could grow them. This created economic problems. Food prices fell as food production increased for the wealthier farmers. These prices made it impossible for small-scale farmers to compete and forced them to sell to consolidating large monopolies. This, combined with higher unemployment caused by mechanization of farms, led to social problems. People moved from rural areas to urban ones. Many social problems were created when cities became overcrowded by ex-farmers looking for work.
It was not realised that an increase in yield per acre would lead to increased land stress. Salting of the soil was caused by higher irrigation levels. Salt-water intrusion into the aquifers resulted from the increased demand for water. Because the new crops were more resistant than the pesticides used in the past, farmers started using more pesticides. This further polluted water supplies, resulting in the cycle of poverty where the poor are poorer due to environmental pollution.
Partly because it failed to consider the externalities, the initial Green Revolution was a failure. It focused too much on the problem production and failed to consider the social, environmental and economic ramifications of its strategy.